It is a member of the quinazolinone class. The sedative—hypnotic activity of methaqualone was first noted by researchers in the s. Inmethaqualone was patented in the US by Wallace and Tiernan. Methaqualone became increasingly popular as a recreational drug and club drug in the late s and s, known variously as "ludes" or "sopers" also "soaps" in the U.
Often these drugs are referred to as tranquilizers and sleeping pills or sometimes just as sedatives. Their effects range from calming down anxious people to promoting sleep. Both tranquilizers and sleeping pills can have either effect, depending on how much is taken.
Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are the two major categories of sedative-hypnotic. Some well-known barbiturates are secobarbital Seconal and pentobarbital Nembutaldiazepam Valiumchlordiazepoxide Libriumchlorazepate Tranxenelorazepam Ativanand alprazolam Xanax.
A few sedative-hypnotics do not fit in either category.
They include methaqualone Quaaludeethchlorvynol Placidylchloralhydrate Noctecand mebrobamate Miltown. Additionally, alcohol belongs to the sedative-hypnotic group. What are the warning signs?
They can cause both physical and psychological dependence. Regular use over a long period of time may result in tolerance, which means people have to take larger and larger doses to get the same effects.
When regular users stop using large doses of these drugs suddenly, they may develop physical withdrawal symptoms ranging from restlessness, insomnia, anxiety, convulsions, and death.
When users become psychologically dependent, they feel as if they need the drug to function. Finding and using the drug becomes the main focus in life.
What are the effects? The effects of barbiturates are, in many ways, similar to the effects of alcohol. Small amounts produce calmness and relax muscles. Larger doses can cause slurred speech, memory loss, irritability, changes in alertness, decreased interpersonal functioning, staggering gait, poor judgment, and slow, uncertain reflexes.
These effects make it dangerous to drive a car or operate machinery. Large doses can cause unconsciousness and death. Accidental deaths sometimes occur when a user takes one dose, becomes confused and unintentionally takes additional or larger doses.
Additionally, there is less difference between the amount that produces sleep and the amount that kills. Babies born to mothers who abuse sedatives during their pregnancy may be physically dependent on drugs and show withdrawal shortly after birth.
Their symptoms may include breathing problems, feeding difficulties, disturbed sleep, sweating, irritability, and fever.
Sedative-hypnotics may also pass through the placenta, creating birth defects and behavioral problems in babies. How can someone get help? The first step is to determine if there is a problem.
A Certified Addictions Counselor can effectively perform an assessment to determine what level of care is most appropriate.
For a free confidential assessment, call the Illinois Institute for Addiction Recovery at An assessment can be completed 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Appointments are preferred, but walk-ins are always welcome. National Institutes on Health, U. It was a life changing experience!
UnityPoint Health - Proctor Campus.Methaqualone is a quinazoline derivative with hypnotic and sedative properties. It has been withdrawn from the market in many countries because of problems with abuse. Hypnotic (from Greek Hypnos, sleep) or soporific drugs, commonly known as sleeping pills, are a class of psychoactive drugs whose primary function is to induce sleep and to be used in the treatment of insomnia (sleeplessness), or for surgical anesthesia.
Description: Methaqualone is a quinazoline derivative with hypnotic and sedative properties. Methaqualone is discontinued (DEA controlled substance).
Methaqualone is discontinued (DEA controlled substance). Methaqualone hydrochloride is a quinazoline derivative with hypnotic and sedative properties.
It has been withdrawn from the market in many countries because of problems with abuse. Methaqualone hydrochloride is a quinazoline derivative with hypnotic and sedative properties. It has been withdrawn from the market in many countries because of problems with abuse. Methaqualone (/ m ɛ θ ə ˈ k w eɪ l oʊ n /), sold under the brand name Quaalude and sometimes stylized "Quāālude" in the United States and Mandrax in the United Kingdom and South Africa, is a sedative and hypnotic medication.