Auden was the most famous and most widely imitated young poet in England. His verse was brilliant, ironic, often funny, wide-ranging in its reference—equally at home in the worlds of Anglo-Saxon heroic poetry and the technology of mining—and sometimes impenetrably obscure. But this widely recognized leader of the British intellectual avant-garde was an unhappy and confused young man. Auden had been unable to believe in God since his adolescence.
From the age of eight he attended boarding schools, returning home for holidays. Essays by Divers Hands Friends he met at Oxford include Cecil Day-LewisLouis MacNeiceand Stephen Spender ; these four were commonly though misleadingly identified in the s as the " Auden Group " for their shared but not identical left-wing views.
Auden left Oxford in with a third-class degree. For the next few years Auden sent poems to Isherwood for comments and criticism; the two maintained a sexual friendship in intervals between their relations with others.
In —39 they collaborated on three plays and a travel book. In groups he was often dogmatic and overbearing in a comic way; in more private settings he was diffident and shy except when certain of his welcome. He was punctual in his habits, and obsessive about meeting deadlines, while choosing to live amidst physical disorder.
In Berlin, he first experienced the political and economic unrest that became one of his central subjects. In his first published book, Poemswas accepted by T. Eliot for Faber and Faberand the same firm remained the British publisher of all the books he published thereafter.
His relationships and his unsuccessful courtships tended to be unequal either in age or intelligence; his sexual relations were transient, although some evolved into long friendships. He contrasted these relationships with what he later regarded as the "marriage" his word of equals that he began with Chester Kallman inbased on the unique individuality of both partners.
Through his work for the Film Unit in he met and collaborated with Benjamin Brittenwith whom he also worked on plays, song cycles, and a libretto.
In he went to Spain intending to drive an ambulance for the Republic in the Spanish Civil Warbut was put to work broadcasting propaganda, a job he left to visit the front. His seven-week visit to Spain affected him deeply, and his social views grew more complex as he found political realities to be more ambiguous and troubling than he had imagined.
On their way back to England they stayed briefly in New York and decided to move to the United States. Auden spent late partly in England, partly in Brussels. He had a gift for friendship and, starting in the late s, a strong wish for the stability of marriage; in a letter to his friend James Stern he called marriage "the only subject.
He was embarrassed if they were publicly revealed, as when his gift to his friend Dorothy Day for the Catholic Worker movement was reported on the front page of The New York Times in Around this time, Auden met the poet Chester Kallmanwho became his lover for the next two years Auden described their relation as a "marriage" that began with a cross-country "honeymoon" journey.
He was told that, among those his age 32only qualified personnel were needed. In —42 he taught English at the University of Michigan.
He was called for the draft in the United States Army in Augustbut was rejected on medical grounds. He had been awarded a Guggenheim Fellowship for —43 but did not use it, choosing instead to teach at Swarthmore College in — Strategic Bombing Surveystudying the effects of Allied bombing on German morale, an experience that affected his postwar work as his visit to Spain had affected him earlier.
The other major divisions of poetry, narrative (epics, ballads, metrical romances, verse tales) and dramatic (poetry as direct speech in specified circumstances), are more amenable to characterization. Unlike Eliot and Pound’s writings, Auden’s poems have therefore not been firmly placed into the canon of either modernist or ‘post- war’ English literature. W. H. Auden's "Musée des Beaux Arts" is a poem that exemplifies the literary technique of ekphrasis, the embedding of one type of art form inside another. Thus, in this verse of lyrical rhyme.
In he became a naturalised citizen of the US. Then, starting inhe began spending his summers in KirchstettenAustriawhere he bought a farmhouse from the prize money of the Premio Feltrinelli awarded to him in This fairly light workload allowed him to continue to spend winter in New York, where he lived at 77 St.
InAuden moved his winter home from New York to Oxford, where his old college, Christ Church, offered him a cottage, while he continued to spend summers in Austria. He died in Vienna ina few hours after giving a reading of his poems at the Austrian Society for Literature; his death occurred at the Altenburgerhof Hotel where he was staying overnight before his intended return to Oxford the next day.
Auden Auden published about four hundred poems, including seven long poems two of them book-length.7 Auden’s plays and dramatic writings: theatre, ﬁlm and opera 82 English Poetry () and History in Our Hands: A Critical Anthology of Writings on Literature, Culture, - The Cambridge Companion to W.
Auden Edited by Stan Smith Frontmatter More information. Wystan Hugh Auden (21 February – 29 September ) was an English-American poet. Auden's poetry was noted for its stylistic and technical achievement, its engagement with politics, morals, love, and religion, and .
A Poetry Comparison - A Poetry Comparison The poem 'Mother, any distance', by Simon Armitage is from a collection of poems titled 'Book of Matches'; it is meant to be read in the time it takes a match to burn, and thus cannot be very long. Accordingly, the Complete Works was conceived as something different from the Collected Poems and The English Auden.
It was to be an historical record of Auden’s works in the form they had when he wrote or published them. The English Auden: Poems, Essays and Dramatic Writings, by W. H. Auden. Faber & Faber.
Paperback. GOOD. Spine creases, wear to binding and pages from reading. May contain limited notes, underlining or highlighting that does affect the text.
Possible ex library copy, thatâ€™ll have the markings and stickers associated from the library. Shakespeare's Rhyme Scheme - William Shakespeare’s “Like as the waves make towards the pebbled shore” is an English sonnet about the nature of time, in which Shakespeare both follows and deviates from the traditional sonnet form.