Does the following scenario sound familiar?
Leadership theory Introduction A person can be a good manager, but not necessarily a good leader; another person might be a good leader, but might not a good manager. The difference between them is that the manager is committed to creating order and stability, while leaders are embracing and process change.
All organizations need effective managers who can inspire staff, set the general direction and responsible for the outcome from the organization.
Leadership is often been as a crucial variable which affecting organizational performance. Definitions of Leadership Leadership is the ability for one to develop a vision, and move others toward a common goal.
Leadership also includes changes in vision, the people with the vision and strategic adjustments, motivate and inspire them. Different classical leadership theories Trait theory There were so many review of the concept of leadership theory and empirical literature reveals a variety of methods have been developed for many years.
One of the approaches was the traits approach; this approach has been studied for many decades. The theory assumes that leader are born rather than made. Basically there were three major assumptions: And the scholars have identified some main leadership traits: In recent year Yukl reviewed that there were several traits which related to leadership effectiveness; a high energy level and stress tolerance, self-confidence, including the self-esteem and self-efficacy; control direction, emotional stability and maturity, as well as internal genes personal integrity.
Behavioural Theory After trait theory, there was a big jump to the behavioural theory; it assumes that leadership can be learned, not intrinsic. Leadership behaviour theory is leading theory that the reaction in certain circumstances observable behavior and leaders and followers.
Behavioral theory focuses on the behavior of the leadership, and that the leaders can be, not born, leadership success is based on definable, can be learned behavior.
Rather than seeking natural leadership qualities, look at this theory by studying their behavior in response to different situations, by studying their actions and behaviors associated with significant success actually doing successful evaluation leadership.
The best leaders are those who have adaptive bending their behavior and choose the appropriate style for each situation. According to this theory, people can learn to be recognized as leaders through teaching and observation of leadership styles, as well as certain behavior patterns.
It promotes participation in decision making and team development, support for individual needs and adjusts the targeted individuals and groups. Leadership behavior theory focuses on the behavior of the leader, the leader of what to do and how to act, but also pay attention to the leaders actually do, rather than their quality.
Contingency Theory Contingency theory is not a leadership style, and these properties are leadership, make-up leader, face a different set of tasks. All the situation are unique, the ideal leader to lead the situation will be unique, too.
Some of the major contingency theory are: We need to have good relationship between leaders-member, task structure and position power. Fiedler has created the least-preferred co-worker score LPCan instrument that tells to measure whether a leader is task or relationship oriented.
A leader who has a low LPC score then the leader is task-oriented.Systems Theory in Public Health - This paper delineates how analyzing the role of systems thinking in program planning, implementation, evaluation, and revision relates to: effective uses of information technology in public health practice, sources of inequality that produce health disparities across diverse populations, effective public health leadership.
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Criminological Theory and Legal Theory - Criminological Theory Rational Choice Rational choice is based on the presumption that crime is a personal choice and that people can freely choose to participate in such criminal activity based on the outcomes, whether it be negative or positive.