Frontline Accounts by Soviet Soldiers by G.
Henri Curiel, murdered in May Henri Curiel inspired and led French solidarity for the national liberation movement in Algeria, Follow by Email Sietse Bosgra: They were capable to determine the agenda of the anti-apartheid struggle and to involve a large part of Dutch society on their side. The Netherlands was the only country were government three times nearly collapsed over its South Africa policy.
It was a divided institution that in the end proved very effective. Buskes, who had visited South Africa in to investigate the race relations. When in that goal was accomplished and 4. Like Buskes he had a protestant background, both were members of the Dutch Labour Party.
Buskes became chairman of the CZA, Roskam its secretary. Karel Roskam gave afterwards a good description of the board of CZA: Roskam also indicated the serious limitations of this structure: About violence as an acceptable means to resist in South Africa we even did not discuss.
It had hardly any contact with the liberation movements. F11 Just as other anti-apartheid organizations at that time the CZA only aimed at softening of the suffering of the black majority through a dialogue with the white rulers. The organisation hoped to change the policy of the Dutch and South African government by sending them protest telegrams or polite and formal letters.
In later years the CZA asked the Dutch government repeatedly to end the supply of weapons to South Africa, to stop the subsidizing of emigration and break off the Cultural Agreement with South Africa.
But the decision makers of both the Dutch and South African government showed little interest in the opinions of the CZA. Requests for a meeting with government ministers or the South African ambassador were time after time keer op keer turned down. There were picket lines organized in Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague.
But still all organizations connected with the communist party CPN were excluded from the campaign. CZA decided to show that there was broad support from the Dutch public for this donation by campaigning for another With the support of a committee of progressive writers and artists an art sale was organized that was televised.
The aimed amount was amply ruimschoots reached. Trust Fund for South Africa B This was the first and the last time for DAFN to seek large scale publicity.
Board member Bert Musschenga: DAFN wanted to avoid that potential donors would be frightened schrik aanjagen by controversial political activities. For the representative of the conservative political party VVD in the board, Vonhoff, this was the ground to withdraw.
There is a large market for a good action group, but we do not succeed in mobilizing and organizing enough people. What we miss is the fanatism for motivated campaigns om gemotiveerd actie te voerenthe men power and the capability to attract new people, an organiser, a full-time unpaid campaigner, new ideas So the solution is obvious.
DAFN continued as an independent organization. They would all play an important role in the Dutch struggle against apartheid. Persons or groups of persons would contribute for a long period each month a fixed amount of money for one or more families in South Africa.
DAFN had lost something of its timidity of the first period of its existence and started to act more in public. DAFN organized a fundraising campaign amongst university staff for scholarships for former political prisonersa campaign to send protest postcards to P. Botha against the imprisonment of children In co-operation with VARA-television a documentary film was produced and In Dutch judges send a letter to their colleagues in South Africa, appealing to them to use their function to demolish apartheid.
The group had organized a demonstration in front of the South African embassy against the celebration of the tenth anniversary of the Republic, they organized an exhibition on fascism in South Africa in the Anna Frank House, they disturbed a match against a visiting South African Springbok polo team with smoke and paint bombs.
The initiator and key-man was Berend Schuitema, a white and fanatical anti-apartheid South African student in exile. He was already since spring in contact with CZA.
For the AABN apartheid was an integral part integraal onderdeel of the capitalist system, and this system should be combated bestredenboth in the Netherlands and in the third world. At the first meeting in Amsterdam with the ANC-representative in London, Reg September, it was agreed to meet in future twice a year.Pieter Willem Botha (b.
) became prime minister in and president in Among the best-known South African writers in the English language was Olive (Emily Albertina) Schreiner (–), whose Story of an African Farm has become a classic.
Working conditions in South Africa in the s: domestic workers, cleaners, migrant workers, workers at wine farms, etc.
Photographers: Roger Meintjes (6) a.o. . Ronald Wilson Reagan (/ ˈ r ɒ n əl d ˈ w ɪ l s ən ˈ r eɪ ɡ ən /; February 6, – June 5, ) was an American actor and grupobittia.com was the 40th President of the United States from to He was the Governor of California from to Reagan was President of the Screen Actors Guild twice, from to and again from to Reagan was a movie.
Connie Mulder, born Petrus Cornelius Mulder (5 June – 12 January in Johannesburg), was a South African politician, cabinet minister and father of Pieter Mulder, former leader of the Freedom Front Plus..
He started his working career as a teacher of Afrikaans, German and History at the Randgate Afrikaansmediumskool and obtained his PhD from Witwatersrand University. The first less-tentative meeting between Mandela and the National Party government came while P. W. Botha was State President, in November , Minister Kobie Coetsee met Mandela in the hospital while Mandela was being treated for prostate surgery.
Andres D. Medellin* Friday, 4 May , was not just another normal day in Namibia and Angola. Upon invitation by Namibian President Hage Geingob, the President of Angola, João Lourenço paid a state visit to Namibia to participate in the commemorations of the Cassinga Massacre.