Almost any shop of this size could build locomotives from scratch. Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania The steel highway improved the lives of millions of city dwellers. By the s, the United States was becoming an urban nation, and railroads supplied cities and towns with foodfuel, building materials, and access to markets. The simple presence of railroads could bring a city economic prosperity.
A transcontinental railroad in the United States is any continuous rail line connecting a location on the U. Pacific coast with one or more of the railroads of the nation's eastern trunk line rail systems operating between the Missouri or Mississippi Rivers and the U.
The first concrete plan for a transcontinental railroad in the United States was presented to Congress by Asa Whitney in Its construction was made possible by the US government under Pacific Railroad Acts of, and First Transcontinental Railroad The world's First Transcontinental Railroad was built between and to join the eastern and western halves of the United States.
Begun just before the American Civil Warits construction was considered to be one of the greatest American technological feats of the 19th century. Known as the "Pacific Railroad" when it opened, this served as a vital link for trade, commerce, and travel and opened up vast regions of the North American heartland for settlement.
Shipping and commerce could thrive away from navigable watercourses for the first time since the beginning of the nation. Much of this route, especially on the Sierra grade west of Reno, Nevada, is currently used by Amtrak's California Zephyralthough some parts have been rerouted.
It replaced most of the far slower and more hazardous stagecoach lines and wagon trains. The number of emigrants taking the Oregon and California Trails declined dramatically.
The sale of the railroad land grant lands and the transport provided for timber and crops led to the rapid settling of the "Great American Desert".
It recruited Cantonese laborers in China, who did prodigious work building the line over and through the Sierra Nevada mountains and then across Nevada to their meeting in northern Utah.
One motive for the Gadsden Purchase of land from Mexico in was to obtain suitable terrain for a southern transcontinental railroad, as the southern portion of the Mexican Cession was too mountainous.
The Southern Pacific Railroad was completed in The Pacific Railroad Act of based on an earlier bill in authorized land grants for new lines that would "aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean". This route connected to the eastern rail network via the Hannibal Bridge across the Missouri River at Kansas City completed June 30,passed through Denver, Coloradoand north to the Union Pacific Railroad at Cheyenne, Wyomingmaking it theoretically possible for the first time to board a train at Jersey City, New Jerseytravel entirely by rail, and step down at the Alameda Wharf on San Francisco Bay in Oakland.
Tracks were extended north through Salt Lake Citywhile simultaneously building south and eastward toward Grand Junction. The break of gauge made direct interchange of rolling stock with standard gauge railroads at both ends of this bridge line impossible for several years.
Standard gauge operations linking Ogden and Denver were completed on November 15, The Completion Ceremony was held on September 8,with former U. Grant contributing to driving the Final Spike.
Hill in ; it stretched from St. The two were connected on February 1,thus forming an additional link between the Midwest and southern California. Paul or Milwaukee Road completed a privately built Pacific extension to Seattle.
On completion, the line was renamed the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. Although the Pacific Extension was privately funded, predecessor roads did benefit from the federal land grant act, so it cannot be said to have been built without federal aid.
Spreckels completed his privately funded San Diego and Arizona Railway inthereby creating a direct link via connection with the Southern Pacific lines between San Diego, California and the Eastern United States.
InAmtrak 's Sunset Limited daily railroad train was extended eastward to Miami, Floridalater rerouted to Orlandomaking it the first regularly-scheduled transcontinental passenger train route in the United States to be operated by a single company.
Hurricane Katrina cut this rail route in Louisiana in The train now runs from Los Angeles to New Orleans. The Gould System[ edit ].High Speed Rail and the Transcontinental Railroads Are Not the Same.
HSR and the transcontinental railroads are exactly the same thing: the fat lands between the Missouri River and the 98th meridian needed roads to haul crops east while California needed railroads to haul wheat from the Central Valley to San Francisco Bay for .
Section E. Statement of Historic Contexts I. Railroad Development in Minnesota, Setting the Stage: Early Railroads From early roads to canals and finally to railroads, Americans built a were haphazard, due to differences in equipment and track gauges.
Often no physical link existed between railroads. Nonetheless, the . Apr 20, · Watch video · Did you know? Before the building of the Transcontinental Railroad, it cost nearly $1, dollars to travel across the country.
After the railroad . Get an answer for 'How did the railroad expansion affect the US economy?' and find homework help for other History questions at eNotes. As the railroads were being built, they needed huge. A transcontinental railroad in the United States is any continuous rail line connecting a location on the U.S.
Pacific coast with one or more of the railroads of the nation's eastern trunk line rail systems operating between the Missouri or Mississippi Rivers and the U.S.
Atlantic coast. Rail Cars of the 19 th Century Travelling in very early railroad carriages was uncomfortable, impractical, and sometimes dangerous. The first railroad passenger cars were built by carriage makers, as a result, they looked like coaches mounted on four-wheeled railroad wagons.