An article summary of a typology

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An article summary of a typology

About this Typology About this Typology This typology breaks down the traditional boundaries between the nonprofit and private sectors and draws definition to this new institutional animal--part business-part social--the social enterprise.

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In doing so, the typology explores how institutions have combined a mix of social values and goals with commercial business practices and how they have come up with ownership models, income and capitalization strategies, and unique management and service systems designed to maximize social value.

The illustrative typology classifies different models of social enterprise in order to navigate readers through the currently ill-defined, diverse and dynamic landscape of this emerging field. This typology is an outgrowth of a paper commissioned by the Inter-American Development Bank in entitled: The typology is a work in progress, and will be updated with new models, examples, and case studies.

We invite you to send us your comments and examples of your social enterprises that we can include here.

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Attribution should be made by providing a link to http: The Author The Author Kim Alter has endeavored to bring business practices to nonprofit organizations and international development agencies, encouraging their sustainability through earned income, in more than 30 countries worldwide for over a dozen years.

She is founder and Principal of Virtue Venturesa management consulting firm specializing in social enterprise. Web and document designs are by Vincent Dawans from Virtue Ventures.

Kim and Vincent can be contacted via the online contact form. Document Structure Document Structure The typology is organized in five main sections that can be read in any order based on the reader's interest and familiarity with the subject. The second section puts the social enterprise field in context.

It starts by organizing practitioners on a spectrum by their philanthropic versus their commercial orientation.

An article summary of a typology

The third section presents several ways of classifying social enterprises, either based on their mission orientationbased on the level of integration between social programs and business activitiesor based on the nature of their target market. The fourth section presents several common social enterprise operational models grouped into three main structural categories which cover a wide range of interplay between several variables, such as clients, market, social service programs, mission orientation, financial objectives, etc.

Finally, the fifth section examines social enterprise structures as they relate to ownership and legal status. Acknowledgements Acknowledgements The Inter-American Development Bank must be recognized for commissioning the original version of this paper entitled: Without the support provided by the Inter-American Development Bank this work simply would not have been possible.

Specific thanks are owed to Alvaro Rameriz, Division Deputy Chief and Jacqueline Bass, Senior Advisor for Micro and Small Enterprise, the Inter-American Development Bank, who provided the foresight and leadership to instigate this typology, labored over the cases, and tirelessly read and commented on the paper in its various incarnations.

I would like to thank and acknowledge the contributions of the following individuals who agreed to review and provide feedback on this paper. Each one is a respected leader and major contributor to the social enterprise and international economic development fields; their thoughts, ideas, words, and previous work laid the foundation for this piece.

An article summary of a typology

Special recognition goes to Vincent Dawans from Virtue Ventures for his contributions to sections on impact measurements and graphical representations. Finally, much gratitude is due to Laura Brown, faithful editor, who willingly took this paper in its original incarnation on her vacation.The typology is organized in five main sections that can be read in any order based on the reader's interest and familiarity with the subject.

An instrument for measuring a person’s preferences, using four basic scales with opposite poles. The four scales are: (1) extraversion/introversion, (2) sensate. Autogynephilia and the Typology of Male-to-Female Transsexualism: Concepts and Controversies European Psychologist, 22, () By Anne A.

Lawrence, M.D., Ph.D. Get to know your GNS3 Graphical User Interface (GUI) On first start up.

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When you first start GNS3, you will be prompted to create a new project: Name the project as desired and then click OK.

Screen Layout. This chapter describes Transit Oriented Development (TOD), which refers to residential and commercial districts located around a transit station or corridor with high quality service, with good walkability, parking management and other design features that facilitate transit use .

Exit, Voice, and Loyalty () is a treatise written by Albert O. Hirschman (—). The work hinges on a conceptual ultimatum that confronts consumers in the face of deteriorating quality of goods: either exit or voice.

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